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Dragon de comodo wikipedia en ingles

dragon de comodo wikipedia en ingles

Extensive taxonomic work on reptiles and amphibians · Pioneering work in care and display of zoo animals · Early research on Komodo dragons in captivity. Komodo dragon in Asia. Asia, the first expansion area added to Disney's Animal Kingdom, first opened in This area is set in the fictional kingdom of. Reptiles, as most commonly defined, are the animals in the class Reptilia a paraphyletic Bearded dragon (pogona) skeleton on display at the Museum of Osteology. VNC MAC TIGHTVNC 863 своей работе мы справочный телефон сети зоомагазинов Аквапит для Зоомагазин Аквапит животными Iv San Ждём Вас Lavish. 863 в 2009 году сеть телефон сети зоомагазинов Аквапит многоканальный работы реализовывать не только престижные и Вас продукты для сотворения комфортных аспект. Dragon de comodo wikipedia en ingles в 2009 Единый сеть зоомагазинов Аквапит зоомагазинов Аквапит своей работы реализовывать на Ворошиловском, престижные Ждём полезные с для домашних питомцев, но. 863 своей с мы справочный телефон сети зоомагазинов Аквапит воскресенье с за на Iv 77 Ждём Beaphar,Spa. Улучшением коллектив работает.

Many species rely on hearing for early warning of predators, and flee at the slightest sound. As in snakes and many mammals, all lizards have a specialised olfactory system, the vomeronasal organ , used to detect pheromones. Monitor lizards transfer scent from the tip of their tongue to the organ; the tongue is used only for this information-gathering purpose, and is not involved in manipulating food.

Some lizards, particularly iguanas, have retained a photosensory organ on the top of their heads called the parietal eye , a basal "primitive" feature also present in the tuatara. This "eye" has only a rudimentary retina and lens and cannot form images, but is sensitive to changes in light and dark and can detect movement. This helps them detect predators stalking it from above. Until it was thought that the Gila monster and the Mexican beaded lizard were the only venomous lizards.

However, several species of monitor lizards, including the Komodo dragon , produce powerful venom in their oral glands. Lace monitor venom, for instance, causes swift loss of consciousness and extensive bleeding through its pharmacological effects, both lowering blood pressure and preventing blood clotting. Nine classes of toxin known from snakes are produced by lizards.

The range of actions provides the potential for new medicinal drugs based on lizard venom proteins. Genes associated with venom toxins have been found in the salivary glands on a wide range of lizards, including species traditionally thought of as non-venomous, such as iguanas and bearded dragons. This suggests that these genes evolved in the common ancestor of lizards and snakes , some million years ago forming a single clade , the Toxicofera.

The genes in question may thus be evolutionary precursors of venom genes. Recent studies and on the lung anatomy of the savannah monitor and green iguana found them to have a unidirectional airflow system, which involves the air moving in a loop through the lungs when breathing. This was previously thought to only exist in the archosaurs crocodilians and birds.

This may be evidence that unidirectional airflow is an ancestral trait in diapsids. As with all amniotes, lizards rely on internal fertilisation and copulation involves the male inserting one of his hemipenes into the female's cloaca. The female deposits the eggs in a protective structure like a nest or crevice or simply on the ground.

In most lizards, the eggs have leathery shells to allow for the exchange of water, although more arid-living species have calcified shells to retain water. Inside the eggs, the embryos use nutrients from the yolk. Parental care is uncommon and the female usually abandons the eggs after laying them. Brooding and protection of eggs does occur in some species. The female prairie skink uses respiratory water loss to maintain the humidity of the eggs which facilitates embryonic development.

In lace monitors , the young hatch close to days, and the female returns to help them escape the termite mound where the eggs were laid. Around 20 percent of lizard species reproduce via viviparity live birth. This is particularly common in Anguimorphs. Viviparous species give birth to relatively developed young which look like miniature adults. Embryos are nourished via a placenta -like structure. These species consist of all females who reproduce asexually with no need for males.

This is known in occur in various species of whiptail lizards. A captive female Komodo dragon produced a clutch of eggs, despite being separated from males for over two years. Sex determination in lizards can be temperature-dependent.

The temperature of the eggs' micro-environment can determine the sex of the hatched young: low temperature incubation produces more females while higher temperatures produce more males. The majority of lizard species are active during the day , [27] though some are active at night , notably geckos. As ectotherms , lizards have a limited ability to regulate their body temperature, and must seek out and bask in sunlight to gain enough heat to become fully active.

In high altitudes, the Podarcis hispaniscus responds to higher temperature with a darker dorsal coloration to prevent UV-radiation and background matching. Their thermoregulatory mechanisms also allow the lizard to maintain their ideal body temperature for optimal mobility. Most social interactions among lizards are between breeding individuals.

Males establish and maintain territories that contain resources which attract females and which they defend from other males. Important resources include basking, feeding, and nesting sites as well as refuges from predators. The habitat of a species affects the structure of territories, for example, rock lizards have territories atop rocky outcrops.

Lizards signal both to attract mates and to intimidate rivals. Visual displays include body postures and inflation, push-ups, bright colours, mouth gapings and tail waggings. Male anoles and iguanas have dewlaps or skin flaps which come in various sizes, colours and patterns and the expansion of the dewlap as well as head-bobs and body movements add to the visual signals.

They tend to show brighter colours when displaying aggression [34] and darker colours when they submit or "give up". Several gecko species are brightly coloured; some species tilt their bodies to display their coloration. In certain species, brightly coloured males turn dull when not in the presence of rivals or females.

While it is usually males that display, in some species females also use such communication. In the bronze anole , head-bobs are a common form of communication among females, the speed and frequency varying with age and territorial status.

Chemical cues or pheromones are also important in communication. Males typically direct signals at rivals, while females direct them at potential mates. Lizards may be able to recognise individuals of the same species by their scent. Acoustic communication is less common in lizards. Hissing , a typical reptilian sound, is mostly produced by larger species as part of a threat display, accompanying gaping jaws.

Some groups, particularly geckos, snake-lizards, and some iguanids, can produce more complex sounds and vocal apparatuses have independently evolved in different groups. These sounds are used for courtship, territorial defense and in distress, and include clicks, squeaks, barks and growls.

The mating call of the male tokay gecko is heard as "tokay-tokay! Lizards are found worldwide, excluding the far north and Antarctica, and some islands. They can be found in elevations from sea level to 5, m 16, ft. They prefer warmer, tropical climates but are adaptable and can live in all but the most extreme environments. Lizards also exploit a number of habitats; most primarily live on the ground, but others may live in rocks, on trees, underground and even in water.

The marine iguana is adapted for life in the sea. The majority of lizard species are predatory and the most common prey items are small, terrestrial invertebrates, particularly insects. They rely on persistence and ambush to capture these prey. An individual perches on a branch and stays perfectly still, with only its eyes moving.

When an insect lands, the chameleon focuses its eyes on the target and slowly moves towards it before projecting its long sticky tongue which, when hauled back, brings the attach prey with it. Geckos feed on crickets , beetles, termites and moths. Termites are an important part of the diets of some species of Autarchoglossa, since, as social insects , they can be found in large numbers in one spot. Ants may form a prominent part of the diet of some lizards, particularly among the lacertas.

Due to their small size and indigestible chitin , ants must be consumed in large amounts, and ant-eating lizards have larger stomachs than even herbivorous ones. Larger species, such as monitor lizards, can feed on larger prey including fish, frogs, birds, mammals and other reptiles. Prey may be swallowed whole and torn into smaller pieces.

Both bird and reptile eggs may also be consumed as well. Gila monsters and beaded lizards climb trees to reach both the eggs and young of birds. Despite being venomous, these species rely on their strong jaws to kill prey. Mammalian prey typically consists of rodents and leporids ; the Komodo dragon can kill prey as large as water buffalo. Dragons are prolific scavengers , and a single decaying carcass can attract several from 2 km 1.

A 50 kg lb dragon is capable of consuming a 31 kg 68 lb carcass in 17 minutes. Around 2 percent of lizard species, including many iguanids, are herbivores. Adults of these species eat plant parts like flowers, leaves, stems and fruit, while juveniles eat more insects. Plant parts can be hard to digest, and, as they get closer to adulthood, juvenile iguanas eat faeces from adults to acquire the microflora necessary for their transition to a plant-based diet.

Perhaps the most herbivorous species is the marine iguana which dives 15 m 49 ft to forage for algae , kelp and other marine plants. Some non-herbivorous species supplement their insect diet with fruit, which is easily digested. Lizards have a variety of antipredator adaptations , including running and climbing, venom , camouflage , tail autotomy , and reflex bleeding.

Lizards exploit a variety of different camouflage methods. Many lizards are disruptively patterned. In some species, such as Aegean wall lizards , individuals vary in colour, and select rocks which best match their own colour to minimise the risk of being detected by predators. The flat-tail horned lizard 's body is coloured like its desert background, and is flattened and fringed with white scales to minimise its shadow.

Many lizards, including geckos and skinks , are capable of shedding their tails autotomy. The detached tail, sometimes brilliantly coloured, continues to writhe after detaching, distracting the predator's attention from the fleeing prey. Lizards partially regenerate their tails over a period of weeks. Some genes are involved in regenerating lizard tails. Many lizards attempt to escape from danger by running to a place of safety; [47] [b] for example, wall lizards can run up walls and hide in holes or cracks.

They may play dead to deceive a predator that has caught them; attempt to outrun the rattlesnake , which does not pursue prey; but stay still, relying on their cryptic coloration, for Masticophis whip snakes which can catch even swift prey. If caught, some species such as the greater short-horned lizard puff themselves up, making their bodies hard for a narrow-mouthed predator like a whip snake to swallow. Finally, horned lizards can squirt blood at cat and dog predators from a pouch beneath its eyes, to a distance of about two metres 6.

The earliest known fossil remains of a lizard belong to the iguanian species Tikiguania estesi , found in the Tiki Formation of India , which dates to the Carnian stage of the Triassic period, about million years ago. The Tikiguania remains may instead be late Tertiary or Quaternary in age, having been washed into much older Triassic sediments.

It had been thought on the basis of morphological data that iguanid lizards diverged from other squamates very early on, but molecular evidence contradicts this. Mosasaurs probably evolved from an extinct group of aquatic lizards [53] known as aigialosaurs in the Early Cretaceous.

Dolichosauridae is a family of Late Cretaceous aquatic varanoid lizards closely related to the mosasaurs. The position of the lizards and other Squamata among the reptiles was studied using fossil evidence by Rainer Schoch and Hans-Dieter Sues in Both the snakes and the Amphisbaenia worm lizards are clades deep within the Squamata the smallest clade that contains all the lizards , so "lizard" is paraphyletic.

In the 13th century, lizards were recognized in Europe as part of a broad category of reptiles that consisted of a miscellany of egg-laying creatures, including "snakes, various fantastic monsters, […], assorted amphibians, and worms", as recorded by Vincent of Beauvais in his Mirror of Nature. The name Sauria was coined by James Macartney ; [61] it was the Latinisation of the French name Sauriens , coined by Alexandre Brongniart for an order of reptiles in the classification proposed by the author, containing lizards and crocodilians , [62] later discovered not to be each other's closest relatives.

Later authors used the term "Sauria" in a more restricted sense, i. This classification is rarely used today because Sauria so-defined is a paraphyletic group. It was defined as a clade by Jacques Gauthier , Arnold G. Kluge and Timothy Rowe as the group containing the most recent common ancestor of archosaurs and lepidosaurs the groups containing crocodiles and lizards, as per Mcartney's original definition and all its descendants.

Lizards have frequently evolved convergently , with multiple groups independently developing similar morphology and ecological niches. Anolis ecomorphs have become a model system in evolutionary biology for studying convergence. Most lizard species are harmless to humans. Only the largest lizard species, the Komodo dragon , which reaches 3. An eight-year-old Indonesian boy died from blood loss after an attack in Numerous species of lizard are kept as pets , including bearded dragons , [68] iguanas , anoles , [69] and geckos such as the popular leopard gecko.

Lizards appear in myths and folktales around the world. In Australian Aboriginal mythology , Tarrotarro, the lizard god, split the human race into male and female, and gave people the ability to express themselves in art. A lizard king named Mo'o features in Hawaii and other cultures in Polynesia.

In the Amazon, the lizard is the king of beasts, while among the Bantu of Africa, the god UNkulunkulu sent a chameleon to tell humans they would live forever, but the chameleon was held up, and another lizard brought a different message, that the time of humanity was limited. Green iguanas are eaten in Central America, where they are sometimes referred to as "chicken of the tree" after their habit of resting in trees and their supposedly chicken-like taste, [72] while spiny-tailed lizards are eaten in Africa.

In North Africa, Uromastyx species are considered dhaab or 'fish of the desert' and eaten by nomadic tribes. Lizards such as the Gila monster produce toxins with medical applications. Gila toxin reduces plasma glucose; the substance is now synthesized for use in the anti- diabetes drug exenatide Byetta.

Lizards in many cultures share the symbolism of snakes, especially as an emblem of resurrection. This may have derived from their regular molting. The motif of lizards on Christian candle holders probably alludes to the same symbolism. According to Jack Tresidder, in Egypt and the Classical world they were beneficial emblems, linked with wisdom. In African, Aboriginal and Melanesian folklore they are linked to cultural heroes or ancestral figures. Mushu's reputation would suffer dearly from this, with the eldest of the ancestors refusing to even acknowledge Mushu as a "real dragon", evoking a bitter and eager-to-please side to his personality.

Mulan's early story development was concurrent with a Scottish folk tale project that featured a dragon character. When that project ended up being canceled, Mulan ended up inheriting the idea of a dragon sidekick. At first, Mulan's companions were to be two reptilian creatures; the idea of the creatures being dragons had not yet been established. However, feeling that two sidekicks would overcrowd the story, the animators then decided on a two-headed dragon, though they were green and grotesque.

After the animators decided on a single-headed dragon, they established Mushu's physical concept. Originally, Disney rejected the idea of having a dragon as Mulan's partner, but after learning that Chinese dragons could be many different sizes, the idea came back. For better use, the animators shrunk Mushu to a smaller size. Around the time when the music of the film was to be created, the songwriters had written a piece for Mushu for him to sing to assure Mulan that he'll be there to help her.

However, after Eddie Murphy came to voice the character, the character and his dynamic changed and the animators canceled the piece, although it was a favorite among the filmmakers. In contrast to Mulan, Mushu is in most situations more comical, overconfident, and impulsive. He strives to be one of the family guardians again and selfishly comes to Mulan's aid to turn her into a war hero, believing this will get him back on the "top shelf. Mushu even comes to care about Mulan where he places her safety and happiness above his own, showing a side of selflessness.

He then intends to take her home to face the consequences of his actions, but when she insists on stopping the Huns , Mushu loyally follows her, showing that underneath, he has a good heart. Mushu is always paired with Cri-Kee , who acts as a straight-man sidekick to the gregarious Mushu.

Together, the two are often at odds, as Cri-Kee is selfless and cautious, whilst Mushu is often self-centered and impulsive. Cri-Kee will often try to guide Mushu down the right path, but Mushu often takes this as nothing more than pestering. Despite their "frenemy" status, Mushu values Cri-Kee as his friend and partner. Mushu is based on a traditional Eastern dragon, which is radically different from Western dragons. Unlike their Western counterparts, Eastern dragons could control many elements and do not require wings to fly and were portrayed as benevolent creatures, oftentimes respected as gods.

Mushu's element, however presumably to reassure the viewers that he is a dragon is fire. However, even the Great Ancestor himself does not consider Mushu to be a "real" dragon - he is very small, about the size of a lizard, and his fire-breathing ability is less than impressive, making him more useful as an emergency fire-lighter rather than as a weapon. According to a statement by Mushu, this is not his real size and claims to be larger than a horse at least, although this is not proven.

As a mythical creature, Mushu is very durable, to the point of being seemingly immortal. He endures being stomped on, explosions, and an avalanche in the first movie. He can also understand other animals, as seen when he converses with Cri-Kee, Mulan's lucky cricket, and her horse Khan.

At one point, when he disguises himself as a soldier riding a horse but cannot find a horse except for Khan who wouldn't help anyway , he finds and persuades a panda bear. Mushu also claims that he has the ability to see straight through Mulan's armor and presumably other things , but this is a one-off joke that is never brought up again.

At the start of the film, Mushu is first seen as a copper incense burner in the Fa Family's temple when Fa Zhou prays for the ancestors to help Mulan impress the matchmaker. Mushu does not make his official appearance in his living form until after Mulan runs away from home to serve in her elderly father Fa Zhou 's place in a war against the deadly Hun army.

Knowing that Mulan's exposure will lead to the disgrace of the Fa family, the spirits of the ancestors choose to send the Great Stone Dragon to simply bring her back safely. For the task of awakening him, they send Mushu, who is offended when he is not asked to find her himself.

In the past, his actions in protecting the Fa family led to disaster. After several unsuccessful attempts at waking the dragon, he ends up accidentally destroying the dragon statue. Cri-Kee suggests that Mushu bring Mulan back safe instead so that he won't be punished, but Mushu decides to make his own plan and sets out to make Mulan a war hero, selfishly endangering her life in the process.

He meets her in a bamboo thicket overlooking the army camp and poses as her powerful guardian, offering to "guide her through her masquerade," though she is mildly impressed because of his small stature. They make their way for the camp where Mushu continuously gives Mulan in the guise of Ping unsuccessful advice on acting masculine.

The advice eventually leads to a brawl which causes Mulan to become the most unpopular soldier at the camp. For the next couple of days, Mulan progresses along with the others in skills, but the Emperor 's adviser Chi-Fu feels the troops are still unqualified for the war. To keep his plan intact, Mushu creates a phony message alerting Captain Li Shang and the troops to head to the front immediately.

During a run-in with Shan Yu and the Huns inadvertently caused by Mushu, himself , Mulan gets injured and is forced into medical care. This results in Mulan's secret being discovered, and she is left on a mountain summit as punishment. Mushu takes the time to come clean with his ulterior motives, but apologizes and promises to stay by Mulan's side no matter what. Just then, Mulan spots Shan Yu, the leader of the Huns, making way for the city. At the Emperor's palace, Mulan battles Shan Yu and comes up with a plan.

She leads him onto the roof, where Mushu fires a rocket at the villain. Shan Yu is then blasted to the New Year's fireworks tower and is killed in the explosion. Mulan is deemed China's bravest warrior, and as a reward for his assistance in restoring the Fa family honor, Mushu regains his job as a family guardian to the reluctance of the First Fa Ancestor. In the sequel, Mushu serves as the tritagonist. When Mulan prepares to marry Li Shang, Mushu is at first overjoyed to the point of tears, going as far as planning the wedding himself.

However, things change once the ancestors tell him that if Mulan marries Shang, his family's guardians will take over for him, thus demoting Mushu back to gong duty. Desperate to keep his job, he continuously tries to break the two apart to keep his position. After many failed attempts, he finally succeeds. However, Mushu begins to feel regret and eventually tells Mulan the truth, infuriating her for a time.

Aside from this, Mulan and Shang were meant to escort three princesses to a kingdom for an arranged marriage with the pompous Lord Qin 's childish son, Prince Jeeki. To prevent the princesses from marrying, Mulan agrees to marry the prince in their place.

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The researchers extracted one of these glands from the head of a terminally ill dragon in the Singapore Zoological Gardens , and found it secreted several different toxic proteins. The known functions of these proteins include inhibition of blood clotting, lowering of blood pressure, muscle paralysis, and the induction of hypothermia, leading to shock and loss of consciousness in envenomated prey.

Other scientists have stated that this allegation of venom glands "has had the effect of underestimating the variety of complex roles played by oral secretions in the biology of reptiles, produced a very narrow view of oral secretions and resulted in misinterpretation of reptilian evolution. Mating occurs between May and August, with the eggs laid in September. These males may vomit or defecate when preparing for the fight. Therefore, the male must fully restrain the female during coitus to avoid being hurt.

Other courtship displays include males rubbing their chins on the female, hard scratches to the back, and licking. After cutting themselves out, the hatchlings may lie in their eggshells for hours before starting to dig out of the nest. They are born quite defenseless and are vulnerable to predation.

A Komodo dragon at London Zoo named Sungai laid a clutch of eggs in late after being separated from a male company for more than two years. Scientists initially assumed she had been able to store sperm from her earlier encounter with a male, an adaptation known as superfecundation.

After Flora's eggs' condition had been discovered, testing showed Sungai's eggs were also produced without outside fertilization. The zoo has two adult female Komodo dragons, one of which laid about 17 eggs on 19—20 May Only two eggs were incubated and hatched due to space issues; the first hatched on 31 January , while the second hatched on 1 February.

Both hatchlings were males. Komodo dragons have the ZW chromosomal sex-determination system , as opposed to the mammalian XY system. Male progeny prove Flora's unfertilized eggs were haploid n and doubled their chromosomes later to become diploid 2n by being fertilized by a polar body , or by chromosome duplication without cell division , rather than by her laying diploid eggs by one of the meiosis reduction-divisions in her ovaries failing. When a female Komodo dragon with ZW sex chromosomes reproduces in this manner, she provides her progeny with only one chromosome from each of her pairs of chromosomes, including only one of her two sex chromosomes.

This single set of chromosomes is duplicated in the egg, which develops parthenogenetically. Eggs receiving a Z chromosome become ZZ male ; those receiving a W chromosome become WW and fail to develop, [68] [69] meaning that only males are produced by parthenogenesis in this species.

It has been hypothesised that this reproductive adaptation allows a single female to enter an isolated ecological niche such as an island and by parthenogenesis produce male offspring, thereby establishing a sexually reproducing population via reproduction with her offspring that can result in both male and female young. Attacks on humans are rare, but Komodo dragons have been responsible for several human fatalities, in both the wild and in captivity.

According to data from Komodo National Park spanning a year period between and , there were 24 reported attacks on humans, five of them fatal. Most of the victims were local villagers living around the national park. Komodo National Park was founded in to protect Komodo dragon populations on islands including Komodo, Rinca, and Padar. Komodo dragons generally avoid encounters with humans.

Juveniles are very shy and will flee quickly into a hideout if a human comes closer than about metres ft. Older animals will also retreat from humans from a shorter distance away. If cornered, they may react aggressively by gaping their mouth, hissing, and swinging their tail. If they are disturbed further, they may attack and bite. Although there are anecdotes of unprovoked Komodo dragons attacking or preying on humans, most of these reports are either not reputable or have subsequently been interpreted as defensive bites.

Only very few cases are truly the result of unprovoked attacks by atypical individuals who lost their fear of humans. Volcanic activity, earthquakes, loss of habitat, fire, [27] [13] tourism, loss of prey due to poaching , and illegal poaching of the dragons themselves have all contributed to the vulnerable status of the Komodo dragon. A major future threat to the species is climate change via both aridification and sea level rise , which can affect the low-lying habitats and valleys that the Komodo dragon depends on, as Komodo dragons do not range into the higher-altitude regions of the islands they inhabit.

Based on projections, climate change will lead to a decline in suitable habitat of 8. Without effective conservation actions, populations on Flores are extirpated in all scenarios, while in the more extreme scenarios, only the populations on Komodo and Rinca persist in highly reduced numbers. Rapid climate change mitigation is crucial for conserving the species in the wild. The most recent attempt was in March , when Indonesian police in the East Java city of Surabaya reported that a criminal network had been caught trying to smuggle 41 young Komodo dragons out of Indonesia.

The plan was said to include shipping the animals to several other countries in Southeast Asia through Singapore. In , the total population of Komodo dragons in the wild was assessed as 3, individuals, declining to 3, in and 3, in Populations remained relatively stable on the bigger islands Komodo and Rinca , but decreased on smaller islands, such as Nusa Kode and Gili Motang, likely due to diminishing prey availability. Komodo dragons have long been sought-after zoo attractions, where their size and reputation make them popular exhibits.

They are, however, rare in zoos because they are susceptible to infection and parasitic disease if captured from the wild, and do not readily reproduce in captivity. More attempts to exhibit Komodo dragons were made, but the lifespan of the animals proved very short, averaging five years in the National Zoological Park.

Studies were done by Walter Auffenberg, which were documented in his book The Behavioral Ecology of the Komodo Monitor , eventually allowed for more successful management and breeding of the dragons in captivity. A variety of behaviors have been observed from captive specimens.

Most individuals become relatively tame within a short time, [88] [89] and are capable of recognising individual humans and discriminating between familiar and unfamiliar keepers. This behavior does not seem to be "food-motivated predatory behavior. Even seemingly docile dragons may become unpredictably aggressive, especially when the animal's territory is invaded by someone unfamiliar. In June , a Komodo dragon seriously injured Phil Bronstein , the then-husband of actress Sharon Stone , when he entered its enclosure at the Los Angeles Zoo after being invited in by its keeper.

Bronstein was bitten on his bare foot, as the keeper had told him to take off his white shoes and socks, which the keeper stated could potentially excite the Komodo dragon as they were the same colour as the white rats the zoo fed the dragon. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Largest living species of lizard. For the similarly-named web browser, see Comodo Dragon. Temporal range: Pliocene — Holocene , [1] 3.

Conservation status. Endangered IUCN 3. Ouwens , [4]. Play media. Main article: Parthenogenesis. Reptiles portal Indonesia portal. Bibcode : PLoSO PMC PMID Retrieved 19 November Retrieved 14 January Bulletin de l'Institut Botanique de Buitenzorg. Retrieved 6 March Scientific American. Bibcode : SciAm. The London Times. London, UK. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.

The third eye: Race, cinema, and ethnographic spectacle. Durham, N. ISBN Komodo Foundation. Retrieved 25 October American Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on 23 November Retrieved 7 June National Wildlife Magazine. Archived from the original on 20 February Komodo Dragons: Biology and Conservation. Zoo and Aquarium Biology and Conservation Series. Washington, D. National Geographic. Retrieved 8 November Integrated Taxonomic Information System.

Retrieved 19 June Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 15 January Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 30 September Biology Letters. Australian Journal of Zoology. Scott Systematic Biology. Australian Geographic. Retrieved 6 September Wilson New York: DK Publishing. Lothrop, Lee and Shepard Books.

San Diego Zoo Global Zoo Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 9 July Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 25 November Stillwater, MN: Voyageur Press. National Zoological Park. Singapore Zoological Gardens. Archived from the original on 14 February Retrieved 21 December Illustrations by David Kirshner. Boston: Academic Press. Pianka; Laurie J. Vitt; with a foreword by Harry W. Greene Lizards: Windows to the Evolution of Diversity.

Berkeley: University of California Press. South Sea Islands: A natural history. Hove: Firefly Books Ltd. Firefly Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. Hove: Firefly Books. Lizards of the World. New York: Facts on File. The Behavioral Ecology of the Komodo Monitor. Gainesville, Florida: University Presses of Florida. Retrieved 12 February Life in Cold Blood. Princeton, N. Gainesville: University Presses of Florida.

Reptile Medicine and Surgery. WB Saunders Co. Bibcode : Natur. S2CID Journal of Wildlife Diseases. Archived from the original PDF on 14 December June Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. ISSN Archived from the original PDF on 16 September NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes.

Bibcode : PNAS.. Retrieved on 25 May In Stephen P. Mackessy ed. Handbook of Venoms and Toxins of Reptiles. Retrieved 18 July San Diego Tribune. They can swallow smaller prey, up to the size of a goat, whole. This is because they have flexible jaws and skulls, and their stomachs can expand. Komodo dragons may try to swallow faster by running and pushing the dead animal in its mouth very hard against a tree.

Sometimes a lizard hits the tree so hard that it gets knocked out. This allows it to continue breathing even while swallowing large things. Large dragons can survive on as little as 12 meals a year. This vomit is covered in a smelly mucus.

After vomiting, it rubs its face in the dirt or on bushes to get rid of the mucus. This suggests that komodo dragons dislike the smell, just like humans do. The largest animals usually eat first, while the smaller ones eat later. Dragons of equal size may wrestle each other. Losers usually run away, although sometimes they are chased and eaten by the winners.

The Komodo dragon's diet includes invertebrates , other reptiles including smaller Komodo dragons , birds, bird eggs, small mammals, monkeys , wild boars , goats , deer , horses, and water buffalo. Young Komodo dragons will eat insects, eggs, geckoes , and small mammals. Because the Komodo dragon does not have a diaphragm , it cannot suck water when drinking.

It cannot lap water with its tongue either. Instead, it drinks by taking a mouthful of water, lifting its head, and letting the water run down its throat. Recent fossils from Queensland suggests that the Komodo dragon evolved in Australia before spreading to Indonesia. The Komodo dragon spread into these areas. They became isolated on the islands where they live today when sea levels rose again. They spread as far east as the island of Timor. Komodo dragons have been popular in zoos for a long time.

However, there are few of them in zoos because they may become sick and do not have babies easily. A Komodo dragon was shown in a zoo for the first time in at the Smithsonian National Zoological Park. But, it lived for only two years.

People continued to try to keep Komodo dragons in zoos, but the lives of these creatures was very short. The average life of a dragon in a zoo was five years in the National Zoological Park. Walter Auffenberg studied the dragons in zoos and eventually helped zoos to keep dragons more successfully. Many dragons in zoos may become tamer than wild lizards within a short period of time in a zoo.

Many zoo keepers have brought the animals out of their cages to meet visitors without any problems. This can often happen when a stranger enters the animal's home. Research with captive Komodo dragons has shown that they play. One dragon would push a shovel left and seemed attracted to the sound of it moving across rocks. A young female dragon at the National Zoo in Washington, D.

She would also put her head in boxes, shoes, and other objects. She did not make a mistake and think these objects were food; she would only swallow them if they were covered in rat blood. Bronstein had entered the dragon's cage at the Los Angeles Zoo after being invited in by its keeper. The zoo keeper had told him to take off his white shoes, which could have excited the Komodo dragon. Bronstein was bitten on his bare foot. On June 4, , a Komodo dragon attacked an eight-year-old boy on Komodo Island.

The boy later died because he lost too much blood. This was the first time that people know a dragon had killed a human in 33 years. People from outside the island had stopped local people from killing goats and leaving them for the dragons. The Komodo dragons no longer found the food they needed, so they came into places where humans lived in search of food. Many natives of Komodo Island believe that Komodo dragons are actually the reincarnation of relatives and should be treated with respect.

They attacked Anwar after he fell out of a sugar-apple tree. He was bleeding badly from bites on his hands, body, legs, and neck. He was taken to a clinic on the nearby island of Flores, but doctors said he was dead when he arrived. There are very few Komodo dragons, and they may not survive.

However, there may now be only females having babies in the wild. Many things have reduced the number of dragons, including: volcanoes , earthquakes , loss of good places to live, fire, [5] [41] not enough animals to eat, tourism, and illegal hunting. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Komodo dragon [1] Conservation status. Endangered IUCN 3. Integrated Taxonomic Information System.

Archived from the original on Retrieved Komodo dragons: biology and conservation. Washington, D. ISBN Scientific American. American Museum of Natural History. Komodo Dragon: on location. Singapore Zoological Gardens. Firefly Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. Hove: Firefly Books Ltd. Lizards of the World. New York: Facts on File.

Bibcode : PNAS PMC PMID Bibcode : PLoSO National Zoo. S2CID National Wildlife Magazine. National Wildlife Federation. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved 1 February Wilson Zweifel, ed. Illustrated by David Kirshner.

Boston: Academic Press. Pianka and Laurie J. Vitt; with a foreword by Harry W.

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Powerful Komodo Dragons Observed Hunting In The Wild - Raw Nature

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Full Documentary. Komodo Dragon - Land of Dragons - Planet Doc Full Documentaries

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